Recognizing these signs of AFib 和 中风 can potentially save your life.
An arrhythmia is an irregular or abnormal heartbeat. 心房颤动，简称AFib, is the most common type of arrhythmia in adults, causing the heart to beat too quickly. 在AFib, an abnormal firing of electrical impulses within the heart causes the top chambers of the heart, 叫做心房, to quiver or fibrillate (beat very fast).
Having AFib increases your risk of having a 中风. 事实上, the risk of 中风 in people with AFib is about five times higher than in people who don't have AFib. That's why it's important to know if you have this serious heart condition so it can be treated.
Some people who have AFib have no symptoms 和 don't even know they have the condition. It may be found when a doctor listens to the heart with a stethoscope or when some type of cardiac test is performed, 比如心电图, 超声心动图, 压力测试或动态监测器. Others may experience symptoms but may not recognize that they are associated with AFib. The symptoms may occur frequently or only occasionally. 它们也可能来来去去.
Many symptoms of AFib may be similar to other heart-related issues, including a heart attack. If you suspect that you are having a heart attack, especially if you have chest pain or pressure, 拨打911. Otherwise, if you have symptoms of AFib, let your doctor know.
- Palpitations – the heart may feel like it's racing, 颤动的, 重击, 不规律地跳动的或跳动的
- Chest pain, pressure or discomfort
- Dizziness, light-headedness or faintness
- Fatigue or lack of energy (in general or while exercising)
Since AFib increases your chance of having a 中风, it's important to recognize the warning signs of 中风 if you have AFib. Time is of the essence if a 中风 occurs, 和 the faster you get to the hospital, the better the chance that doctors can provide treatment that may improve your recovery 和 could even save your life.
Stroke warning signs typically appear suddenly, are more apparent on only one side of the body 和 may include:
- Face weakness: one side of the face may droop or become numb
- Arm or leg weakness: one arm or leg may be weak or numb; arm may drift downward if raised; it may be difficult to walk
- Speech difficulty: speech may be slurred or hard to underst和; the person may not be able to speak or repeat simple sentences; it may be difficult to underst和 other people's speech
- Dizziness, loss of balance or lack of coordination
- Difficulty seeing out of one or both eyes
If you suspect you may have AFib, or have any symptoms of the condition, talk to your doctor. 治疗 are available, including medications, surgery 和 options such as cardioversion therapy. The goal of treatment is to control the heart rate, manage the heart rhythm 和 prevent blood clots from forming that may lead to a 中风.
然而, because symptoms of AFib can often overlap with those of a heart attack or 中风 (both of which require time-sensitive treatment), 拨打911 immediately to get to a hospital ASAP if you are concerned that AFib may be occurring along with a heart attack or 中风.
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